Its provincial capital is Shiraz (The cradle of civilization and culture of IRAN), the old capital of the Zand period 18th century, house of the learning, city of saints, center of scientists, thinkers, poets, city of flowers and nightingales, city that nourished Saadi and Hafiz to the world of literature.
History: Shiraz is most likely more than 4,000 years old. The oldest sample of wine in the world, dating to approximately 7,000 years ago, was discovered on clay jars recovered outside of Shiraz.
About 55 kilometer to the north of Shiraz are the remains of the Achaemenian cities, built in the 6th Century B.C. by the kings of the great Persian Empire, and the majestic ruins of the great Achaemenian palaces at Persepolis, where Darius the Great sat in state. Enough remains of Persepolis to enthrall the visitor with a realization of its former magnificence, though the monumental staircases, the massive doorways, the giant columns and the bas-reliefs that survive are just fragments of the original structures.