Visit Iran land of Cyrus - Tourist Agency | Historical & Nature Sites
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Historical & Nature Sites

Historical Sites

Tehran

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The Capital of Iran is a modern metropolis, a magnet for tourists, and hub of a great culture with its numerous museums, Golestan palace, plus the State Jewels of Iran, which holds one of the most fabulous collections of treasures in the world.
Out of the city just north of Tehran some excellent opportunities are for the enthusiastic mountaineer The Tochal peak provides some tricky climbing, and the prehistoric volcano of Mt Damavand (5,671 m.) is a challenging walk comparable to the ascent of Kilimanjaro. Iran’s two major ski centers, at Ab-Ali and Shemshak, both about 60 kilometers from Tehran, are developing facilities to rival those of the world’s top ski resorts.
Besides all of these on the deep green lake of the Karaj Dam, 63 kilometers from Tehran not only challenges the water lovers but also attracts many people to visit and enjoy the nature’s beauty.

Fars

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Its provincial capital is Shiraz (The cradle of civilization and culture of IRAN), the old capital of the Zand period 18th century, house of the learning, city of saints, center of scientists, thinkers, poets, city of flowers and nightingales, city that nourished Saadi and Hafiz to the world of literature.
History: Shiraz is most likely more than 4,000 years old. The oldest sample of wine in the world, dating to approximately 7,000 years ago, was discovered on clay jars recovered outside of Shiraz.
About 55 kilometer to the north of Shiraz are the remains of the Achaemenian cities, built in the 6th Century B.C. by the kings of the great Persian Empire, and the majestic ruins of the great Achaemenian palaces at Persepolis, where Darius the Great sat in state. Enough remains of Persepolis to enthrall the visitor with a realization of its former magnificence, though the monumental staircases, the massive doorways, the giant columns and the bas-reliefs that survive are just fragments of the original structures.

Esfahan

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Old capital of the Safavid kings and once so great that it was known as “half the world”, is the most popular tourist spot in Iran today because of its concentration of lovely old mosques, palaces and bridges. Much architecture of that period (16th century), when Persian art in all its forms reached the peak of perfection, survives today in all its beauty. It alone, of all the cities in Iran, lives up to the romantic image old Persia as a land of glistening domes and minarets. In Isfahan, three of the most beautiful mosques in the world are ranged round a vast square that also contains a fascinating vaulted bazaar and a fairy-tale palace.

khorasan

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Its provincial capital is Mashhad. The name Khorasan is Persian and means “where the sun arrives from.” Khorasan is known for the Ferdousi and Imam Reza shrines/tombs.

Sistan and Baluchistan

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The mythical land of Sistan & Balouchestan (capital city “Zahedan”) consists of twe regions: north & south. Sistan or Nimrouz extending over thenorthen part of the province is the birthplace of Rostam, the mythical hero of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh . Sistan was one of the eastern territories of Darius the Great.

East & West Azerbaijan

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The provincial capitals are Tabriz and Oromiyeh respectively. During the reign of Alexander of Macedon in Iran, a warrior known as Attorpat led a revolt in this area, then a territory of the Medes, and thereafter it was called Attorpatkan. Since then this vicinity has been known as Azarabadegan, and Azerbaijan.

Kermanshah

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According to archaeological surveys and excavation, Kermanshah area has been occupied by prehistoric people since the Lower Paleolithic period, and continued to later Paleolithic periods till late Pleistocene period. The region was also one of the first places in which human settlements were established between 8,000-10,000 years ago.

Hamadan

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Was established by the Medes and was the capital of the Median Empire. It then became one of several capital cities of the Achaemenid Dynasty.
Hamadan is mentioned in the biblical book of Ezra as the place where a scroll was found giving the Jews permission from King Darius to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.

Charmahall va Bakhtyari

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Its provincial capital is Sharekord which is famous for its natural beauty of the landscape, cold winters, waterfalls and rivers. Sharekord is the Iran’s highest capital city at 2070 meters above the sea level. This led to be known as “Roof of Iran”. Its weather is dry, cold in winter and mild in summer.

Lorestan

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Its provincial capital is Khoram Abad. In the 3rd and 4th millennium BC, migrant tribes settled down in the mountainous area of the Zagros Mountains. The area was integrated into the Achamenid, Parthian and Sassanid empires.

Khuzestan

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Its provincial capital is Ahwaz. Historically, Khuzestan is what historians refer to as ancient Elam, whose capital was in Susa. As the most ancient Iranian province, it is often referred to as the “birthplace of the nation,” as this is where the history of the Persian Empire begins.

Hormozgan

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Its provincial capital is Bandar Abbas. Marco polo visited the port of Bandar Abbas, and reported widespread trading in Persian jewelry, the ivory and silk of Indochina, and pearls from Bahrain in the bazaars in the port of Hormuz.

Kerman

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Kerman province is considered a paradise for paleontologists because of an abundance of vertebrate fossils from different geological eras. Fossils include Placodermi, jawed and jawless armored fish dating back to the Devonian period, dinosaurs dating back to the Jurassic period, and mammals from the Tertiary period. The history of human settlements in the territory of Kerman dates back to the 4th millennium BC. Historical documents refer to Kerman as “Karmania”, “Germania”, “Carmonia, which means bravery and combat.

Yazd

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The city of Yazd’s first mention in historic records predate it back to around 3000 years B.C. Zoroastrians have traditionally been populous in Yazd, and though their Atashkadeh (Fire Temple) was turned into a mosque after the Islamic Conquest of Persia. During the invasion of Genghis Khan in the early 13th century, Yazd became a safe haven and home for many artists, intellectuals, and scientists fleeing their war ravaged cities across Persia.Yazd was visited by Marco Polo, who described it as a good and noble city and remarked its silk production industry.

Mazandaran

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Its provincial capital is Sari. The region is known to have been populated from early antiquity; Mazandaran has changed hands among various dynasties from early in its history. There are several fortresses remaining from Parthian and Sassanid times.

Gilan

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Its provincial capital is Rasht. During ancient Persian era, this area was a province known as Daylam. The people of the province had a prominent position during the Sassanid dynasty, their presence extended to Mesopotamia.

Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

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Its provincial capital is Yasuj. Is the place where Alexander III of Macedon and his Macedonian forces stormed the Persian Gates, and fought themselves a way into the Persian heartland.